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2304. Richard HUDSON Sr. was born in 1605 in Tamworth, Staffordshire, ENG. He was baptized on 5 Nov 1608 in Tamsworth,Staffordshire, ENG. He died in 1657 in Northampton Co., VA. He was a Mariner.

In early England a man was known by but one name. When sur-
names first came into use, Richard the son of Roger was mom as
Richard Fits-Roger, Fitz being a corruption of the Latin, filius,
or son. The nickname of Roger was Hodge, and the son of Roger
became Hodgson, Hodson or Hudson, and Richard Fits-Roger became
Richard Hudson, the name of our first ancestor in America.

In the opinion of English genealogists, the early ancestors
of the Hudson family came into England with William the Conqueror
in 1066. They were a numerous family, and the names of Richard
John, Henry and William were repeated to the point of confusion.

Henry Hudson, Gentleman, was an Alderman of London' He had
acquired wealth in trade and was the Lord of a number of' Manor'
some of which had been conferred upon him by' King Henry VIII for
service to the Crown. He died in 1555, and was buried in the
Church of St. Dunstans.

Another Henry' Hudson, thought to be the son of Alderman Hud-
son, was a founder and director of the Muscovy, Company, probably
the father of Henry Hudson, the Explorer, who made two of his
first voyages for the Muscovy Company . After the Explorer, and
his son, John, had lost their lives at sea, his wife, Katherine
apprenticed another son, Richard, to the Company. He served in
India and died there in 1648 þ There was another son, Oliver.

Places of residence and repetition of family names indicate
that Alderman Hudson had another son, William, married to Alice
Turner, whose son, Richard was baptized in the ancient Church of
St. Editha, Tamworth, Staffordshire, on November 5, 1608. Later
he appeared in the register of the Church of St. Mary Aldermary
in London, together with records of Oliver Hudson, son of Henry,
the Explorer. This Richard had a brother named Nicholas.

RICHARD HUDSON was born in England in 1608, died in Northampton
County (formerly Accomac County Virginia) in the fall of 1659, leaving an oral will. He was married in 1638 to Hoary Hayes, and married, second, in 1652 to Barbara Jacob. By' the first marriage there were two known children, Nicholas and
Henry; there was a third son, probably John.

Richard first appears in 1634 in the records of Acchawnacke,
a County of Virginia at the tip of the peninsula off Chesapeake
Bay, and known as the Eastern Shore. The records of Acchawmacke
are the oldest continuous records in America in some twenty un-
indexed volumes, the pages worn and mutilated with age, and the
peculiar early Colonial script all but illegible.

In Accawmack Orders, Wills and Deeds 1632-1640, Vol. I, page
19, Richard Hudson sued Mrs. Savage, and the Court ordered her to
pay him 600 pounds of tobacco and five barrels of corn far "his
servis". Eighty pounds of tobacco were worth one pound Sterling
and a day's wage was sixteen pounds of tobacco about a dollar,
The standard of money value was in common commodities of trade.

His pay would represent at least three months work, if his
"servis" were constant, and as the date of the suit was February
19, 1634/3', it would indicate that Richard arrived in America at
least by the fall of 1634, a free workman without indebtedness.

Men often borrowed money for passage, and worked a number of
years as indentured servants to pay off the debt. Richard came
as a "headright" of Obedience Robbins, Justice of the Accomac
Court,. The man who induced another to cene to America received
fifty acres of land for each such "headright".

In the County of Accomac the streams were teeming with fish,
the Bay was filled with oysters long known to the Indians, and
game was abundant. There was probably little hunger. Residents
had trade with the Puritans of Boston, exchanging tobacco for
firearms, beer and whisky,then as now considered to be the prime
necessities of civilized life.

Life must have been rugged, and at times very dull. Records
are filled with trivial accusations of theft, slander and treble
over various kinds of essential property, such as pigs, chickens,
calves and corn. It seems that most of the charges were without
proof, and often the Court took no action. When bickering was
prolonged to the point of nuisance, the Court often subjected
both sides to the humiliation of public punishment.

Interest and entertainment emanated from the practice of
taking every trivial complaint into Court. Justice of a sort was
meted out with the same emphasis, the occasion usually being on
Sunday at the time of "devine service". That was the time when
wrongdoers were set in stocks, or given numbered lashes on the
back. There was an entry about a man whose dog killed s calf

Richard Hudson in VA 1634/35 from "Colonial Dames " Vol 15 states Edward, Richard Jr., William, Henry, John ,Robert listed as children.

Richard, was a mariner, he came to American in 1635 on the Ship Safety, and settled first in Northampton Co., VA. Richard, was married three times. Don't know who the first wife was, second Mary Hayes abt 1638, third was to Barbara Jacobs in 1652 in Accomack Co., VA. He was married to Mary HAYES about 1638 in Accomac Co., VA.

2305. Mary HAYES died about 1653 in Accomac Co., VA. She was born in Chuckatuck, Nansemond Co., VA. NSFX Mrs Children were:

child i. Nicholas HUDSON was born in VA.
child ii. Henry HUDSON was born about 1642 in VA. He died about 1710 in Maryland. Hudson Family Association Bulletin, #85 15 Jan 1994 pg.27 copyed from "Colonial Dames" Vol 15 sted Henry died ca 1710, in Maryland
child1152 iii. Richard HUDSON Jr..
child iv. Edward HUDSON.
child v. William HUDSON.
child vi. John HUDSON.
child vii. Robert HUDSON.

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